Decision making and problem solving (Test 5)

Upsc Civil Services Entrance Exams : General Studies Test

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Decision making and problem solving

Decision making and problem solving
| Decision making and problem solving |
Q.1
A society has kept the following conditions for the allotment of flats in their society:
(i) produce domicile certificate of the State
(ii) must be earning for minimum of 5 years
(iii) be ready to pay the entire amount in 5 years period
(iv) not be owner or co-owner (if spouse is owner) of a residential accommodation in that city
(v) not be less than 35 years of age as on 31st Dec 2016.
In case of applicant who satisfies all other criteria except:
A) at (i) above, be referred to President of Town Council
B) at (ii) above, but is ready to provide Aadhar card should be referred to Vice-Chairman of the Committee.
C) At (iii) above, but is a freedom fighter or an ex-serviceman or first relation with these should be referred to member of Committee
The last date for receipt of application was 31st Dec, 2016. Conditions are to be fulfilled as on 31st Dec, 2016. Based on these criteria decide whether to allot flat or not. The cases are given to you as on 1st Jan, 2017.

Garima, a domicile of the state and a married woman of 36 years, has been running an ice-cream parlor in the city since 4th March 2002. Her husband works in a nearby city but both of them do not own a house in the city. She can pay the entire amount in 5 years.
A. Allot flat
B. Data inadequate
C. Do not allot flat
D. Refer to the Chairman
E. Refer to the Vice-Chairman
Answer : Option B
Explaination / Solution:

Does not satisfy condition (ii)

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Q.2
For a job, a candidate must fulfill the following criteria:
The age should be from 22 to 28 as on 15th April 2017. Must have secured at least 60% marks in class 12. Must have secured at least 58% marks in graduation. Must have done post-graduate in finance. Must provide an NOC certificate if working somewhere. Must provide Aadhar Card or PAN Card. Must have secured at least 65% in written test and 70% in interview.
Sahil fulfills all the following criteria, then which of the following criterion/criteria is not essential for final selection?
(i) He was born on 19.02.1990.
(ii) He completed his graduation with 66% marks and secured 76% marks in class 12.
(iii) He has worked for 2 years in ABC Company.
(iv) He got 72% in written test and 75% in interview.
(v) He did his post-graduation in finance and provided Aadhar Card.
A. Only (ii)
B. Only (ii) and (iii)
C. Only (iii)
D. Only (i) and (iii)
E. Even with all given criteria fulfilling, he will not be selected.
Answer : Option C
Explaination / Solution:

NOC is to be provided if the person is working somewhere. But (iii) parts says – He has worked for 2 years in ABC Company. He worked sometime before, not working right now.

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Q.3
For a job in a company following conditions need to be fulfilled.
The candidate’s age must be in between 22 and 28 years as on 01.04.2017. The candidate should have got at least 70% marks in written examination and 40% marks in interview. The candidate must be a graduate and have a work experience of at least a year. If the candidate is a female, then age relaxation of 2 years will be given.
A candidate has applied for the job and satisfies the following conditions. Give the correct sequence in which it can be found that the candidate gets the job in minimum number of conditions.
(i) Got 75% marks both in written test and interview.
(ii) The candidate is a female
(iii) Was born on 07.08.1991.
(iv) Has a work experience of 18 months
A. (iv), (i), (ii), (iii)
B. (i), (iii), (ii), (iv)
C. (iv), (iii), (i), (ii)
D. (i), (iv), (ii), (iii)
E. None of these
Answer : Option C
Explaination / Solution:

(ii) point is not required as age relaxation will be taken into account in case of female. But given candidate is already between 22-28 years. So there is no need to know that whether the candidate if female or male. So option in which (ii) is at last will be the answer.

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Q.4
For getting a job by a company, the candidate must fulfill the following criteria:
Must have worked with a company for at least 4 years. Must have got 60% in graduation. Must have cleared the written test and interview. Must be ready to sign a bond of 2 years with the company. The mean of percentage points in written test and interview must be at least 40%.

i) Sakshi got 60% in written test and 30% in interview
ii) Sakshi is ready to sign a bond of 2 years.
iii) Sakshi is working with ABC company for the last 5 years.
iv) Sakshi got 72% in BCom
Sakshi fulfills the above given criteria, then from which of the following points it can be concluded that she is not selected for the job?
A. Only (i)
B. Only (ii) and (iii)
C. Only (iv)
D. Only (iii)
E. From none of (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)
Answer : Option E
Explaination / Solution:

Sakshi got 60% in written test and 30% in interview so mean of percentage points = (60+30)/2 = 45% So all given criteria are necessary

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Q.5
For getting a job by a company, the candidate must fulfill the following criteria:
Must have worked with a company for at least 4 years. Must have got 60% in graduation. Must have cleared the written test and interview. Must be ready to sign a bond of 2 years with the company. The mean of percentage points in written test and interview must be at least 40%.

Mohit has worked with a company for 4 years. He got 70% marks in BTech. He got 46% as mean of percentage points in written test and interview.
Which of the following points will lead to Mohit’s final selection?
A. He provided an No Objection Certificate from his previous employer.
B. He signed a bond of 2 years with his previous employer.
C. He was born on 02.06.1992.
D. He completed Btech degree in Computer Stream.
E. None of these
Answer : Option E
Explaination / Solution:

The condition which must be fulfilled to get the job – He is ready to sign a bond of 2 years with this new company.

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Q.6
For a job, a candidate must fulfill the following criteria:
The age should be from 24 to 30 as on 15th April 2017. Must have secured at least 58% marks in BSc – Math. Must have done post-graduate in Math or Statistics with at least 62% marks. Must have an experience of at least 2 years. Must have secured at least 60% in written test and 70% in interview.
Sahil fulfills all the following criteria, then which of the following criterion/criteria is not essential for final selection?
(i) He was born on 7th July 1988.
(ii) He completed his graduation with 66% marks and secured 76% marks in class 12.
(iii) He has worked for 3 years in ABC Company.
(iv) He got 72% in written test and 75% in interview.
(v) He did his graduation and post-graduation in Math.
(vi) He secured 64% marks in post-graduation.
A. Only (ii)
B. Only (ii) and (iii)
C. Only (iii)
D. Only (i) and (iii)
E. Even with all given information, he will not be selected.
Answer : Option E
Explaination / Solution:

According to the conditions, graduation must be BSc – Math. But in points (i) to (vi) – this is not specified anywhere.

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Q.7
Following are the conditions for selecting a candidate in an organization.
The candidate must –
(i) be a graduate with at least 60% marks.
(ii) be at least 21 years and not more than 28 years as on 01-04-2017.
(iii) have secured at least 60% marks in written test
(iv) have secured at least 50% marks in interview
In the case of candidate who fulfills all conditions except –
(a) At (ii) above, but is a post graduate with at least 60% marks, his case to be referred as Manager.
(b) at (iv) above, but has secured at least 35% marks in interview and at least 70% marks in written test, his case to be referred as Assistant.

In each question below, details of a candidate are provided followed by a question and 5 courses of action. Select the course of action that applies to the person’s candidature.
Megha was born on 19 March 1991. He secured 65% marks in BCom. He also secured 62% marks in both written test and interview.
Which of the following will be a course of action if Megha applies for the job?
A. Megha will be selected.
B. Data provided are inadequate to take the decision.
C. Megha will not be selected.
D. Megha will be offered as Manager post.
E. Megha will be offered as Assistant post.
Answer : Option A
Explaination / Solution:

All 4 conditions are met.

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Q.8
Following are the conditions for selecting a candidate in an organization.
The candidate must –
(i) be a graduate with at least 60% marks.
(ii) be at least 21 years and not more than 28 years as on 01-04-2017.
(iii) have secured at least 60% marks in written test
(iv) have secured at least 50% marks in interview
In the case of candidate who fulfills all conditions except –
(a) At (ii) above, but is a post graduate with at least 60% marks, his case to be referred as Manager.
(b) at (iv) above, but has secured at least 35% marks in interview and at least 70% marks in written test, his case to be referred as Assistant.

Pankil was born on 7th November 1989. He secured 68% marks in BSc and 63% marks in his MSc. He has secured 65% marks in both written test and interview.
Which of the following will be a course of action if Pankil applies?
A. Pankil will be selected.
B. Data provided are inadequate to take the decision.
C. Pankil will not be selected.
D. Pankil will be offered as Manager post.
E. Pankil will be offered as Assistant post.
Answer : Option A
Explaination / Solution:
No Explaination.


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Q.9
Following are the conditions for selecting a candidate in an organization.
The candidate must –
(i) be a graduate with at least 60% marks.
(ii) be at least 21 years and not more than 28 years as on 01-04-2017.
(iii) have secured at least 60% marks in written test
(iv) have secured at least 50% marks in interview
In the case of candidate who fulfills all conditions except –
(a) At (ii) above, but is a post graduate with at least 60% marks, his case to be referred as Manager.
(b) at (iv) above, but has secured at least 35% marks in interview and at least 70% marks in written test, his case to be referred as Assistant.

Varun has secured 78% marks in written test and 48% marks in interview. He secured 62% in B.Tech and was born on 12th January 1991.
Which of the following will be a course of action if Varun applies?
A. He will be selected.
B. Data provided are inadequate to take the decision.
C. He will not be selected.
D. He will be offered as Manager post.
E. He will be offered as Assistant post.
Answer : Option E
Explaination / Solution:

He has secured 48% in interview which is leas then required 50%, but is greater than 35% and in written test greater than 70%, so Assistant

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Q.10
Following are the conditions for selecting a candidate in an organization.
The candidate must –
(i) be a graduate with at least 60% marks.
(ii) be at least 21 years and not more than 28 years as on 01-04-2017.
(iii) have secured at least 60% marks in written test
(iv) have secured at least 50% marks in interview
In the case of candidate who fulfills all conditions except –
(a) At (ii) above, but is a post graduate with at least 60% marks, his case to be referred as Manager.
(b) at (iv) above, but has secured at least 35% marks in interview and at least 70% marks in written test, his case to be referred as Assistant.

Varun has secured 78% marks in written test and 58% marks in interview. He completed his B.Sc 4 years back and was born on 12th January 1991.
Which of the following will be a course of action if Varun applies?
A. He will be selected.
B. Data provided are inadequate to take the decision.
C. He will not be selected.
D. He will be offered as Manager post.
E. He will be offered as Assistant post.
Answer : Option B
Explaination / Solution:

He has done graduation but marks in graduation is not provided in question. So data is inadequate to answer the question

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