Verbal Ability (Test 4)

Problem Solving And Reasoning : Verbal And Reading Comprehension

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Verbal Ability

Verbal Ability
| Verbal Ability |
Q.1
Choose the statement where underlined word is used correctly.
A. The industrialist load a personnel jet.
B. I write my experience in my personnel diary.
C. All personnel are being given the day off. 
D. Being religious is a personnel aspect.
Answer : Option C
Explaination / Solution:

personnel- people employed in an organization or engaged in an organized undertaking such as military service.

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.2
Women who have a poor diet during their pregnancies will have children who are more susceptible to age related diseases than those who have a healthier diet, scientists say. The warning comes after the research found that rats that had poor nutrition during pregnancy gave birth to young with a high risk of type 2 diabetes which is an illness that typically strikes in the middle age.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the conclusion above?
A. Diabetes is a very multifactorial disease and poor nutrition and growth in the early life is one risk factor.
B. Genetic mutations can have an immediate effect on a person's health.
C. Subtle genetic changes may accumulate with age.
D. Maternal diet is related to epigenetic changes that effect the activity of a gene called Hnf4a that governs the growth of insulin producing cells in the pancreas of a mother's young.
E. None of these
Answer : Option C
Explaination / Solution:

(d) (a) weakens the conclusion by saying that there could be other factors for the onset of diabetes. (b) is irrelevant. (c) the modal "may" makes it less certain and hence is not strong enough. (d) provides the strongest support. Hence (d)

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.3
Directions :Questions in the form of inference/conclusions are based on the passages given below. Each passage is followed by five inferences. You are required to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity. 
Passage: 
There is no disputing the fact that one part of globalization is the information revolution. But like all revolutions, this one has its winners and losers. Even on the Pacific Rim, home of so many economic “miracles”, the vast majority of people live on less than two dollars a day. That is what nearly half the world’s population subsists on, while the poorest 1.2 billion get by on less than one dollar. In the face of these grim realities, talk of a global information age takes on a perverse, ‘let them eat cake’ quality. What possible benefit could this “other half” derive from expanded web-based technology? 
The notion that the internet will mainstream the world’s underprivileged fits a pattern of technological fantasy that reaches back at least to the mid-nineteenth century. A more immediate effect, unfortunately, has been an expanding communications gap between the rich and poor. With 90% of internet traffic in English, and native language skills eroding among non-Western internet addicts, 95% of the world’s Web users reside in developed countries. Only 0.08% of Latin Americans had Web access in 1999, which is double that of South Asia. In so far as rapid information flow translates into power, this great divide is integral to the knowledge-based and culturally driven geopolitics that Joseph S. Nye terms “soft power”.

The majority of people who live in areas around the Pacific Rim are well to do, enjoying the choicest worldly luxuries and comforts.
A. if the inference is definitely true, i.e., it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
B. in the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given.
C. if the data are inadequate i.e., from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
D. if the inference is probably false though not definitely false in the light of the facts given.
E. if the inference is definitely false i.e., it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.
Answer : Option E
Explaination / Solution:
No Explaination.


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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.4
Direction: Each passage is followed by a set of five statements. Answer according to the directions given for each question.

The average American voter does not care about Libya. That may sound harsh, but it’s generally true. The average American does however care a great deal about gas prices. So perhaps it is no surprise that as the regime of Moammar Gadhafi falls, American news outlets are trying to explain the news out of Libya within the frame of prices at the pump. Heck, it was the first idea that came to my mind as I thumbed through the morning news. 
Adding insult to injury is the amount of fuel being used to conduct these fuel-based military operations in the Middle East. A CNN.com article pointed out recently that, “One out of eight U.S. Army casualties in Iraq was the result of protecting fuel convoys. A post on Scaling Green contained a video of FTI Consulting’s Adam Siegel recalling a chat with Gen. Richard Zilmer. In that conversation, the former commander of troops in the Anbar province of Iraq told Seigel, “I need renewable energy because getting fuel to my base is putting people's lives at risk.”

Which of the above statements can be a just explanation for the way American news agencies are portraying the Libyan news?
A. The general American public has several issues closer home related to everyday politics to worry about and does not want to spend precious time worrying about the fall of an African country far away.
B. American news media, as is the tendency of the rest of the Western media indulges in a misguided portrayal of Middle Eastern monarchies and dictatorships.
C. Renewable energy will not require convoys to transport it and hence save American lives.
D. With the dearth of oil in the United States, it is but natural that the USA should look out for its interests and use the prospect of felling a dictatorial regime for gains in oil.
E. American news outlets are pandering to the general public and putting the Libyan crisis in a context that the average American can understand.
Answer : Option E
Explaination / Solution:

This is an explanation that may be drawn easily from the facts mentioned in the passage.

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.5
Direction: The question below has a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumption is implicit in the statement.

Statement: The government has decided to pay compensation to the tune of Rs. 20 lakh to the family members of soldiers killed in terrorist attack in Uri.

Assumptions: 
I. The government has enough funds to meet the expenses due to compensation. II. The youth of India may take part in Indian Army so as to get compensation for their families.
A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either I or II is implicit
D. Neither I nor II is implicit
E. Both I and II is implicit.
Answer : Option A
Explaination / Solution:

Only I; It is clear that the amount of compensation must have been decided keeping in mind the monetary position of the government. So, I is implicit. However nothing can be said about the II, it is purely illogical to make such assumption. Nobody would want compensation at the expense of their life.

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.6
Directions: Below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity. 
Between 2002-03 and 2006-07, Indian economy grew annually at 8.7% led by the services sector at 9% per year. In 1990, India's share of services, at 40% of GDP was consistent with its per capita income for low-income country. By 2001, its share of one-half of the GDP was higher by five per cent age points, compared to the average for low-income countries. Economic reforms that energized the private corporate sector and technological changes that opened up new vistas in telecommunications, IT and outsourcing are believed to be responsible for the impressive performance. However, the services led growth remains a puzzle at a low per capita income, with 55% of the work force still engaged in agriculture, and when agriculture decelerated and industry stagnated-3defying a styled fact in economics.

In early nineties, the share of services sector in GDP for low per capita income group of countries is about 40 per cent.
A. If the inference is 'definitely true'. ie, it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
B. If the inference is 'probably true' though not definitely true' in the light of the facts given.
C. If the 'data are inadequate', ie from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
D. If the inference is 'probably false', though not 'definitely false' in the light of the facts given.
E. If the inference is 'definitely false', ie, it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.
Answer : Option A
Explaination / Solution:

It is true as given in the second line of the passage i.e. “In 1990, India's share of services, at 40% of GDP was consistent with its per capita income for low-income country.”

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.7
Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follows(s) for pursuing.

Statement: The number of dropouts in govt schools has significantly increased in the urban areas over the past few years 
Courses of action 
I. The govt should immediately close down all such schools in the urban areas where the dropout goes beyond 20 per cent. 
II. The parents of all the students who dropped out of the govt schools in urban areas should be punished.
A. Only course of action I follows.
B. Only course of action II follows.
C. Either course of action I or II follows.
D. Neither course of action I nor II follows.
E. Both courses of action I and II follow.
Answer : Option D
Explaination / Solution:

None course of action follows and government should take another step to discourage dropout in government schools.

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.8
Directions: Each of the questions below consists of question and three statements numbered I, II, III given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.

How many sons does Sumitra have? 

(I) Rajni’s father Dashrath is husband of Sumitra. 
(II) Out of the three children whom Dashrath has, only one is a girl. 
(III) Bharat and Shatrughan are brother of Rajni.
A. Only I and III
B. All are required to answer the question.
C. Only II and III
D. Data inadequate
E. Only I and II
Answer : Option E
Explaination / Solution:

From statement (I) we can conclude that Dashrath and Sumitra are husband and wife and then from statement II we can conclude that they have two sons and one daughter.

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.9
Directions: Below in each question are given two statements (A) and (B). These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choice correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements

A. There has been sharp decline in sales of passenger cars during the last few months. 
B. Many finance companies have announced attractive schemes of car loans with moderate interest rate
A. if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect
B. if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect
C. if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
D. if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes
E. if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of some common cause
Answer : Option A
Explaination / Solution:

Had the sale of cars been high or usual, there is no reason for the finance companies to come up with schemes with modern interest rates because anyway people would be purchasing the cars. Schemes for modern interest rates would have been introduced solely for the purpose of luring people to purchase them and make a hike in the sales. Hence, statement A is the cause and B is the effect.

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.10
Is ‘EAST’ the word formed by following operations on a word containing these four letters? 
I. There is only one letter between A and T. E is to the left of A. 
II. The word does not begin with T. There is only one letter between E and S. T is not an immediate neighbor of E.
A. Data in statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question while data in statement II alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
B. If Data in statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question while data in statement I alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
C. If Data in either Statement I alone or Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question.
D. If Data in neither Statement I alone or Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question.
E. If Data in both Statement I and Statement II together are necessary to answer the question.
Answer : Option E
Explaination / Solution:

Data in both statements together is required to answer the question. As per statement I, 3 cases are possible, EAST, ETSA, STEA. Data of information is also required to get single answer.

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    Verbal and Reading Comprehension