# Verbal Ability (Test 3)

## Problem Solving And Reasoning : Verbal And Reading Comprehension

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Verbal Ability
| Verbal Ability |
Q.1
Identify the correct spelling out of the given options:
A. Managable
B. Manageable
C. Mangaeble
D. Managible
Explaination / Solution:
No Explaination.

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.2
Below in each question are given two statements (A) and (B). The statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choices correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.

(A) There is a significant drop in the number of people travelling by air during the last quarter.
(B) There is a significant drop in the number of people travelling by long-distance trains during the last quarter.
A. If statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
B. Statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
C. Statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.
D. both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
E. both statements (A) and (B) are effect of independent causes.
Explaination / Solution:

There is a significant drop in the number of people travelling by air as well as long-distance trains during the last quarter hence both statements are effects of same common cause (unknown).

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.3
Directions :Questions in the form of inference/conclusions are based on the passages given below. Each passage is followed by five inferences. You are required to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity.
Passage:
There is no disputing the fact that one part of globalization is the information revolution. But like all revolutions, this one has its winners and losers. Even on the Pacific Rim, home of so many economic “miracles”, the vast majority of people live on less than two dollars a day. That is what nearly half the world’s population subsists on, while the poorest 1.2 billion get by on less than one dollar. In the face of these grim realities, talk of a global information age takes on a perverse, ‘let them eat cake’ quality. What possible benefit could this “other half” derive from expanded web-based technology?
The notion that the internet will mainstream the world’s underprivileged fits a pattern of technological fantasy that reaches back at least to the mid-nineteenth century. A more immediate effect, unfortunately, has been an expanding communications gap between the rich and poor. With 90% of internet traffic in English, and native language skills eroding among non-Western internet addicts, 95% of the world’s Web users reside in developed countries. Only 0.08% of Latin Americans had Web access in 1999, which is double that of South Asia. In so far as rapid information flow translates into power, this great divide is integral to the knowledge-based and culturally driven geopolitics that Joseph S. Nye terms “soft power”.

With English as the main language in use over the internet, there is a concerted attempt by the English speaking Western powers to shape societies across the world according to themselves.
A. if the inference is definitely true, i.e., it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
B. in the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given.
C. if the data are inadequate i.e., from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
D. if the inference is probably false though not definitely false in the light of the facts given.
E. if the inference is definitely false i.e., it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.
Explaination / Solution:
No Explaination.

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.4
Directions: Each of the questions below consists of a questions and three statements numbered I, II, III. given below it. You have to decide the data provided in which of the statements are sufficient to answer the questions and choose your answer accordingly.

Who amongst Subodh, Neeraj, Tara, Meena and Anil is the first to take lecture?
I. Subodh takes lecture before Meena
II. Tara is not the first to take lecture.
III. Meena is not the last to take the lecture.
A. Only I
B. Only I & II
C. Only I & either II or III
D. All I, II & III are necessary
E. Question cannot be answered even with the information in all three statements.
Explaination / Solution:

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.5
Direction: In given question below, a statement is followed by some assumptions. An assumption is something supposed or taken in for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and then decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Statement: No reform of income-tax law can be completed without a reasonable and rational personal income-tax rate structure in our country.

Assumptions:
I. Until the present exemption limit for individuals is not raised, tax evasion and black money can’t be checked.
II. Developed countries have reasonable income-tax rate structure.
A. Only assumption I is implicit
B. Only assumption II is implicit
C. Either assumption I or II is implicit
D. Neither assumption I nor II is implicit
E. Both assumptions I and II are implicit
Explaination / Solution:

None follows: Assumption I is not exhaustive. Hence it is not implicit. The speaker has nothing to do with other countries. He is talking about his country only. Hence II is not implicit.

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.6
Directions: Below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity.
Between 2002-03 and 2006-07, Indian economy grew annually at 8.7% led by the services sector at 9% per year. In 1990, India's share of services, at 40% of GDP was consistent with its per capita income for low-income country. By 2001, its share of one-half of the GDP was higher by five per cent age points, compared to the average for low-income countries. Economic reforms that energized the private corporate sector and technological changes that opened up new vistas in telecommunications, IT and outsourcing are believed to be responsible for the impressive performance. However, the services led growth remains a puzzle at a low per capita income, with 55% of the work force still engaged in agriculture, and when agriculture decelerated and industry stagnated-3defying a styled fact in economics.

Share of services sector in India's GDP has crossed the half way mark in early 2000.
A. If the inference is 'definitely true'. ie, it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
B. If the inference is 'probably true' though not definitely true' in the light of the facts given.
C. If the 'data are inadequate', ie from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
D. If the inference is 'probably false', though not 'definitely false' in the light of the facts given.
E. If the inference is 'definitely false', ie, it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.
Explaination / Solution:

Inference is probably true as it is clear from the passage i.e. “By 2001, its share of one-half of the GDP was higher by five per cent age points”

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.7
Direction: In the question, a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follows(s) for pursuing.

Statement: The meteorological department has predicted normal rainfall throughout the country during the current monsoon.
Courses of action
I. The govt should reduce the procurement price of food grains for the current year.
II. The govt. should reduce subsidy on fertilizers for the current year.
A. Only course of action I follows.
B. Only course of action II follows.
C. Either course of action I or II follows.
D. Neither course of action I nor II follows.
E. Both courses of action I and II follow.
Explaination / Solution:

A course of action should be such that it provides relief or solves the problem. the given two courses of action are not problem solving rather problem creating. Hence, none wil follow because government's work is not to create the problems rather solve the problem. Besides this, the statement mentioned is not a problem. A course of action is required for problems. If the situation is normal, the government need not interfere and create problems.

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.8
Direction: Each of the questions below consists of question and three statements numbered I, II, III given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.

What will be the day on 15th august of the next year?

(I) 7th March of the next year will be Tuesday.
(II) Next year will be a leap year.
(III) Present year is not a leap year.
A. Only I
B. Only I and II
C. Only I and III
D. All are required to answer the question
Explaination / Solution:

Using statement I alone, we can say that 15th August will be Wednesday.

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.9
Direction: In the following question, a statement is followed by two course of action. A course of action is taken for redressal, follow up, etc.

Statement: An unacceptable number of children die during the first year of their lives. The high incidence of infant deaths is a major cause of concern for the health ministry.

Course of Action

I. All government hospitals should be privatised to improve health conditions.
II. Governments should higher levels of their budgets to health services.
A. Only course of action I follows
B. Only course of action II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow
Explaination / Solution:

There is no evidence in the statement to suggest that privatisation will help in the reduction of infant deaths. Hence, only Action II follows.

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.10
Who among P, Q, R, S and T is the tallest?
I. P is taller than S and T but shorter than R. Q is taller than S.
II. T is taller than S. P is not the tallest.
A. Data in statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question while data in statement II alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
B. If Data in statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question while data in statement I alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
C. If Data in either Statement I alone or Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question.
D. If Data in neither Statement I alone or Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question.
E. If Data in both Statement I and Statement II together are necessary to answer the question.