Verbal Ability (Test 2)

Problem Solving And Reasoning : Verbal And Reading Comprehension

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Verbal Ability

Verbal Ability
| Verbal Ability |
Q.1
Find the odd one in the following group of words. mock, deride, praise, jeer
A. mock
B. deride
C. praise
D. jeer
Answer : Option C
Explaination / Solution:
No Explaination.


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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.2
Below in each question are given two statements (A) and (B). The statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choices correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.

(A) Majority of the employees of the manufacturing company received a hefty bonus at the end of the current financial year. 
(B) The manufacturing company has made considerable profit in the current financial year.
A. Statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
B. Statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.
C. both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
D. both statements (A) and (B) are effect of independent causes.
E. both the statements (A) and (B) are effect of some common causes.
Answer : Option B
Explaination / Solution:

As the manufacturing company has made considerable profit in the current financial year hence Majority of the employees of the company received a hefty bonus at the end of the current financial year. Therefore statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.3
Directions :Questions in the form of inference/conclusions are based on the passages given below. Each passage is followed by five inferences. You are required to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity. 
Passage: 
There is no disputing the fact that one part of globalization is the information revolution. But like all revolutions, this one has its winners and losers. Even on the Pacific Rim, home of so many economic “miracles”, the vast majority of people live on less than two dollars a day. That is what nearly half the world’s population subsists on, while the poorest 1.2 billion get by on less than one dollar. In the face of these grim realities, talk of a global information age takes on a perverse, ‘let them eat cake’ quality. What possible benefit could this “other half” derive from expanded web-based technology? 
The notion that the internet will mainstream the world’s underprivileged fits a pattern of technological fantasy that reaches back at least to the mid-nineteenth century. A more immediate effect, unfortunately, has been an expanding communications gap between the rich and poor. With 90% of internet traffic in English, and native language skills eroding among non-Western internet addicts, 95% of the world’s Web users reside in developed countries. Only 0.08% of Latin Americans had Web access in 1999, which is double that of South Asia. In so far as rapid information flow translates into power, this great divide is integral to the knowledge-based and culturally driven geopolitics that Joseph S. Nye terms “soft power”.

The information revolution will bring the world's poor out of the depths of their financial and social troubles, given it spreads through the masses with equity.
A. if the inference is definitely true, i.e., it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
B. in the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given.
C. if the data are inadequate i.e., from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
D. if the inference is probably false though not definitely false in the light of the facts given.
E. if the inference is definitely false i.e., it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.
Answer : Option B
Explaination / Solution:

The passage talks about inequitable distribution of the benefits of the information revolution, hence, this is a reasonable inference.

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.4
Direction: Each of the following questions given below consists of a question and three statements. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.

Which village is towards the south-west of Q? 

I. P is to the south of Q, and R and S are to the east and west of P respectively. 
II. R is to the east of Q and S is to the south of R. 
III. P is to the west of Q as well as R but nearer to Q than to R. S is to the south of P.
A. Only I
B. Only I and II
C. Only II and III
D. Either I or III
E. All I, II and III
Answer : Option D
Explaination / Solution:

From I.

Thus, S is to the south-west of Q. 
Hence, only I is sufficient. 
From II. 

We can’t say which one is to the south-west of Q. Thus, only II is not sufficient. 
From III. 

S is to the south-west of Q. 
Thus, only III is sufficient.

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.5
Direction: Each passage is followed by a set of five statements. Answer according to the directions given for each question.

The average American voter does not care about Libya. That may sound harsh, but it’s generally true. The average American does however care a great deal about gas prices. So perhaps it is no surprise that as the regime of Moammar Gadhafi falls, American news outlets are trying to explain the news out of Libya within the frame of prices at the pump. Heck, it was the first idea that came to my mind as I thumbed through the morning news. 
Adding insult to injury is the amount of fuel being used to conduct these fuel-based military operations in the Middle East. A CNN.com article pointed out recently that, “One out of eight U.S. Army casualties in Iraq was the result of protecting fuel convoys. A post on Scaling Green contained a video of FTI Consulting’s Adam Siegel recalling a chat with Gen. Richard Zilmer. In that conversation, the former commander of troops in the Anbar province of Iraq told Seigel, “I need renewable energy because getting fuel to my base is putting people's lives at risk.”

Which of the above statements may be used by American authorities to justify the war on Libya and other middle eastern countries?
A. The general American public has several issues closer home related to everyday politics to worry about and does not want to spend precious time worrying about the fall of an African country far away.
B. American news media, as is the tendency of the rest of the Western media indulges in a misguided portrayal of Middle Eastern monarchies and dictatorships.
C. Renewable energy will not require convoys to transport it and hence save American lives.
D. With the dearth of oil in the United States, it is but natural that the USA should look out for its interests and use the prospect of felling a dictatorial regime for gains in oil.
E. American news outlets are pandering to the general public and putting the Libyan crisis in a context that the average American can understand.
Answer : Option D
Explaination / Solution:

This is the opportunistic view that the US administration might have taken to boost its oil supplies, if it were true.

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.6
Directions: Below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity. 
Between 2002-03 and 2006-07, Indian economy grew annually at 8.7% led by the services sector at 9% per year. In 1990, India's share of services, at 40% of GDP was consistent with its per capita income for low-income country. By 2001, its share of one-half of the GDP was higher by five per cent age points, compared to the average for low-income countries. Economic reforms that energized the private corporate sector and technological changes that opened up new vistas in telecommunications, IT and outsourcing are believed to be responsible for the impressive performance. However, the services led growth remains a puzzle at a low per capita income, with 55% of the work force still engaged in agriculture, and when agriculture decelerated and industry stagnated-3defying a styled fact in economics.

Less than half of total workforce is engaged in Agricultural sector in India.
A. If the inference is 'definitely true'. ie, it properly follows from the statement of facts given.
B. If the inference is 'probably true' though not definitely true' in the light of the facts given.
C. If the 'data are inadequate', ie from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false.
D. If the inference is 'probably false', though not 'definitely false' in the light of the facts given.
E. If the inference is 'definitely false', ie, it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts.
Answer : Option E
Explaination / Solution:

Inference is definitely false since it contradicts the given facts: “The services led growth remains a puzzle at a low per capita income, with 55% of the work force still engaged in agriculture”

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.7
Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follows(s) for pursuing.

Statement: Many people have encroached upon govt. property and built their houses and business establishments. 
Courses of action 
I. The government should take immediate steps to remove all unauthorized constructions on govt. land. 
II. All the encroachers should immediately be put behind bars and also be slapped with a hefty fine.
A. Only course of action I follows.
B. Only course of action II follows.
C. Either course of action I or II follows.
D. Neither course of action I nor II follows.
E. Both courses of action I and II follow.
Answer : Option A
Explaination / Solution:

Course of action (II) is an extreme and too harsh action hence not to be followed. So only (I) follows.

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.8
Direction: Given passage is followed by a set of four statements. Answer according to the directions given for each question.

India’s baffling array of state and national labour laws date to the 1940s: one provides for the type and number of spittoons in a factory. Another says an enterprise with more than 100 workers needs government permission to scale back or close. Many Indian businesses stay small in order to remain beyond the reach of the laws. Big firms use temporary workers to avoid them. Less than 15% of Indian workers have legal job security. The new government can sidestep the difficult politics of curbing privileges by establishing a new, simpler labour contract that gives basic protection to workers but makes lay-offs less costly to firms. It would apply only to new hires; the small proportion of existing workers with gold-star protections would keep them.

(A). More Indian workers can get permanent jobs and legal job security if existing labour laws are reformed. 
(B). Effective labour law reform can encourage many Indian businesses to grow to more than 100 workers. 
(C). Outdated Indian labour laws need to be simplified to provide basic protection to workers and curb privileges. 
(D). The difficult politics of curbing privileges can be avoided if the changes in the labour law only apply to the new hires.


Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage given above.
A. Only A & B
B. Only C
C. Only B & C
D. Only A & D
E. Only A
Answer : Option B
Explaination / Solution:

Only C Summarising the paragraph, the labour laws in India are dated and need to be reformed. A simpler labour contract that gives basic protection to workers while curtailing privileges for new hires and making layoffs less costly to firms is required. Option A- From the option, we cannot conclude that if labour laws are reformed, more workers can get permanent jobs and also, it is not the main idea of the paragraph. Option B- The paragraph does argue that outdated labour laws mean that most businesses stay small to avoid them. So the above is a reasonable conclusion but it is not the main idea of the paragraph. Option D- This option touches upon only one aspect of labour law reform suggested. Hence this is not the correct answer. Option C- We can see that this option touches upon the main points of the paragraph. This is hence the option that best summarizes the paragraph.

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.9
Direction: In the question, a statement is followed by two course of action. A course of action is taken for redressal, follow up, etc.

Statement: Several unscrupulous and non-affiliated colleges have started to lure unsuspecting students by giving attractive advertisements. 

Course of Action: 
I. Students should read the advertisements and decide themselves. 
II. Students and guardians should contact the University itself and verify the data provided.
A. Only course of action I follows
B. Only course of action II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow
Answer : Option D
Explaination / Solution:

If the ads are misleading, reading them carefully might not help at all, neither would contacting the university because the authorities would simple reinforce the lie.

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Topic: Verbal Ability Tag: English
Q.10
Among five friends, A, B, C, D, and E, sitting around a circular table, facing the center, who sits to the immediate right of A? 
I. E sits third to the right of D. A is not an immediate neighbor of D. 
II. C sits second to the left of B. A is not an immediate neighbor of C.
A. Data in statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question while data in statement II alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
B. If Data in statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question while data in statement I alone is not sufficient to answer the question.
C. If Data in either Statement I alone or Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question.
D. If Data in neither Statement I alone or Statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question.
E. If Data in both Statement I and Statement II together are necessary to answer the question.
Answer : Option A
Explaination / Solution:

By data of Statement I alone position of A’s neighbors can be determined. Hence option A is correct.

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    Verbal and Reading Comprehension